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How Armenian Pakhlava became Turkish Baklava

March 31, 2014

imagesThe first pakhlava (In Eastern Armenian Pakhlava, in Western Armenian dialect Bakhlava – like eastern Armenians say Hakop, western Armenians say Hagob, all is the matter of the dialect, so because the turks didn’t have the sound kh, from Western Armenian dialect it bacame baklava in turkish language and from turkish language it went to Arabic and to other languages) was made in nowdays turkish small city called Gaziantep which officially gives the patent of preparing pakhlava… Now let’s have a look what city it is and how it became turkish, moreover let’s check if it was turkish before… In February 1921 (just after the Armenian Genocide), the Turkish parliament honored the city as غازى عينتاب “Ghazi Ayintab” ‘Antep the war hero’ to commemorate its resistance to the French Siege of Aintab during the Franco-Turkish War, part of the Turkish War of Independence, and that name was officially adopted in 1928 as Gaziantep. Gaziantep is previously and still informally called Antep, the oldest name of this city is “Khantap”, meaning “king’s land” in the Hittite language, which went to the persian language as “Aïntap” means “full of springs” in Persian. As we see the oldest name of the city is in Hittite language. Now let’s investigate more: The history of Gaziantep goes back to the Hittites, it was the land of the Hittite people. The origin of pakhlava goes back to the aborigens of this city, to the Hittites, so the first pakhlava was prepared by the Hittites and actually it has the Hittite origin. And who are the Hittites and who are the direct ancestors of the Hittites? The ancestors of the Hittite people are the people of Brittany in France, for example but the direct ancestors of  the Hittite people are Armenians.
Pakhlava is one of the most famous and delicious dishes of Armenian and Oriental cuisine. Armenian Pakhlava is known for its many variants: Yerevan’s, Kyavar’s … The main secret of Pakhlava is not only filling (honey, walnut), but the correct number of layers: Kyavar’s – 42, Yerevan’s – 28 layers.


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  1. Compliments again for another interesting article. Your comments on the origin of the name Aintab is in essence is correct, but here is how I put it, based on my research from various sources, that Aintab had developed to a regional market town well before 4,000+ years ago when the Hittites (origins from present day Ukraine – who ruled the region between 18th-14th century B.C.) named it ANDIABE (Aramaic: “AIN” and “DAYIB” together meaning “Tasty Water Spring”), which later the Crusaders called HANTAB, following which starting with Arab rule of Aintab in 638 A.D., it was called AINTAB (also pronounced Antep), until 1922 when it was officially renamed GAZIANTEP.

    • it’s just a bit different but an interesting hypothesis !! All the research i did about so-called Aramaic language came to prove that “Aramaic” had 3 periods of development: old “Aramaic” is Old Armenian which was later changed by non-Armenians and became what we have now !!! The same we can see with the Iranians, they have Arabic alphabet but they spoke their own language which is gradually changed and become a new “mixed language” .. So now they actually speak some kind of a mixed language

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  1. what comes into your mind when you hear the word ottoman? - Page 8 - Historum - History Forums
  2. How Armenian "Pakhlava" Became Turkish "Baklava" | Art-A-Tsolum

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