Great Deluge Before Bible: The Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh
The Sumerians that were of Armenic or Armenid extraction had established one of the first centers of civilization in the lower part of Mesopotamia. Many scholars agree that Sumerians initially inhabited Armenian Highland and gradually descended to first Northern Mesopotamia and eventually spread further south, establishing the cities of Ur (excavated by Sir Leonard Wooley in the 1920s), Uruk and Eridu (note the sacred variations — AR-UR-ER-OR prefix). Fortunately a number of Sumerian inscriptions dating from somewhere between 2750 and 2500 BC have been preserved.
They give us a fascinating glimpse into the Sumerian origins and culture. In the great Epic of Gilgamesh, the Sumerians recount the land of their ancestors, the Arattans in the Highlands of Armenia. Most scholars agree that Aratta (Suburi – Sumerians also known as Suberians and called themselves Shinar (ar)s) was in fact the first Indo-European state that existed in the first half of the third millennium BC. Archaeology has revealed that in Metsamor, between 2,800-2,600 BC, astronomer scientist high priests observed the rising of Sirius, and worshiped it. Sirius (Dog Star) symbolically stood for Matron Goddess Aya-Inanna-Ninhursag (later Anahit) of Aratta.
Enmerkar, the grandfather of the hero Gilgamesh lived around 2,750 BC and the King of Aratta through his herald sent a message to Enmerkar stating that Inanna had not abandoned neither Aratta nor her house therein — the Ziggurat Temple that was a primordial astronomical observatory and an origin site of metal smelting foundries…
In the eleventh tablet of the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh, Utnapishtim /Utnapashtum ( The Worship of Eight in Armenian: ut in Armenian is 8 and pa(i)shtum- the worship) “the faraway” is the wise king of the Sumerian city state of Shuruppak who, along with his unnamed wife, survived a flood sent by Enlil to drown every living thing on Earth.
Utnapishtim/Utnapashtum was secretly warned by the god Haya, from whom the Armenian people derive their self-designative name- “God of Wisdom” and the “God of Cosmic Waters” ( who along with his wife is also associated with astrology and scribe and in Akkadian tales is called god Ea), of Enlil’s plan and constructed a great boat or ark to save himself, his family and representatives of each species of animal. When the flood waters subsided, the boat was grounded on the mountain.
The wife of HAYA is Nishaba, the Sumerian Goddess of scribe, astrology and the harvest. She inspired the invention of Cuneiform. She is the sister of Ninsun, the mother of Gilgamesh. She is depicted with long flowing hair.
When Utnapashtum’s ark had been becalmed for seven days, he released a dove, who found no resting place and returned. A swallow was then released who found no perch and also returned, but the raven which was released third did not return.
Utnapashtum then made a sacrifice and poured out a libation to god Haya on the top of mount. Utnapashtum and his wife were granted immortality after the flood. Afterwards, he is taken by the gods to live forever at “the mouth of the rivers” and given the epithet “faraway”.
The historical record about the Armenian Highlands antedates the name Urartu by almost a thousand years and the first reference to the region as Armenia is reported to be the Sumerian inscription of Naram Suen in 2260 BC. Sumerian inscriptions of Naram-Suen dating to 2260 BC as the earliest mention of the name in a form recognizable as Armenian. These inscriptions refer to Sumerian battles with the Armani.
The Sumerians, an ancient peoples and one of the first civilizations in the world called Ararat, Arrata. In their great epic poems of Gilgamesh and Arrata, they tell of the land of their ancestors, the Arratans in the Highlands of Armenia. The Sumerians also in the epic poems describe the Great Flood and the rebirth of life after the terrible deluge that fell from the Highlands of Armenia unto the lands of Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent.
The Sumerians had a very close connection with the ancestral Land of Ararat and considered it as their ancestral homeland (many historians and archaeologists are convinced that the Sumerians initially lived in Northern Mesopotamia and Armenian Highland).
By the way, the Wheel of Eternity, which is the symbol of the Armenians, is an eight pointed Armenian Star. As one of the most common and sacred symbols of Armenian culture, the Wheel of Eternity stemmed from worship of the sky and the sun. It shares a common origin with the swastika, known as the sun wheel or cross symbol. More information on this subject you can find in my blog, here: