Armenian TSOVINAR and Hittite INARA
In a fragment of Hittite mythology the weather god is defeated by the serpent. The god’s daughter, Inara, with her human lover, invites the serpent and its children to her home. The guests become drunk. The lover binds the serpent with a rope, and the weather god arrives and kills it.
In the first part of the Daredevils of Sasun the pagan king from foreign land, Tsovinar’s husband and her sons’ step father, tries to sacrifice the twins. Their mother, Tsovinar, finds out and admonishes the brothers. They, in turn, bind the king, drink wine, and defeat the king and his troops.
According to the research of Armen Petrosyan, Tsovinar is etymologized as tsov ( ‘sea’) + Nar. * Nar is a reconstructed theonym which appears in the refrains of folk songs ( Hoy Nar ‘great Nar’, etc.) In the considered texts the characters and names of Tsovinar and Inara are comparable.
Some Indo – European deities are close to Covinar, such as German goddess Nerthus ( * ner – to – ), Island Njorthr ( the father of Freyr and Freyja ), Greek Nereus, Nereids, Sabinian Nerio (like Tsovinar they are connected with water and the sea).
The Hittites who rose in the Second Millennium BCE called Armenia – Hayasa, Land of Hay. Hay is self designation name meaning “Armenian.”
Painting by Martin Akoghlyan. Tsovinar with twins- Sanasar and Baghdasar.