Armenian Wheel of Eternity, Six Pointed Star, Svastika
First of all, I would like to mention that my work is not meant to spread any form of racism. So, I would kindly ask not to post any racist remarks.
Swastikas, solar disks, sacred bulls and trees of life are common ancient symbols 1which were found in Armenian Highlands as well, some of them date back to more than 10,000 BC,
Originally they are known as Arevkhatch, Cross of the Sun (or Kerkhatch, “ker” meaning curved or turned and “khatch” meaning cross ). It represents time, recurrence, universe and the eternal motion of life. There are variations with 4,6,9, and 12 petals, but the most common is the use of the 8, representing eternity.
As one of the most common and sacred symbols of Armenian culture, the Wheel of Eternity stemmed from worship of the sky and the sun. It shares a common origin with the swastika, known as the sun wheel or cross symbol. Absorbed into Christian culture, the symbol became as sacred as the Holy Spirit and was used on nearly every Armenian Christian design.
The symbols could be seen everywhere in Armenia, from church murals, outside and inside decorations, tomb stones, holy scriptures, cross stones, carpets to everyday household pottery. The symbol is very popular in modern Armenia as well. It was engraved on the Memorial of Armenian Genocide, on flag of Yerevan (capitol of Armenia), Yerevan
Cascade Obelisk, on Armenian Alphabet, on the buildings of Armenian theaters.
In Armenian language, the second portion of the word -swastika-, the ‘ast’ or also referred as ‘asd’ means power, which is also the root of the word ‘Astvats’ meaning God in Armenian.
Thus, the word Astvats could be translated as “all powerful” or “given of power”. In this context it would refer to physical and spiritual health, clarity of mind or perhaps even salvation.
It is known that in ancient times, the only being/s referred to as ‘all powerful’ or ‘brilliant’ was the Creator. Later these epithets got into the context of the current established religions as well in their references toward the creator God.
The examination of the Sanskrit roots of the word swastika brings us to their two archaic meanings of the word: ‘svar’ meaning brilliant/shinning and ‘asti’ meaning powerful/god.
Thus we can adopt that the meaning of the word swastika is: The All powerful/shining God.
The Sun has been our only source of magnificent brilliance for millennia, itself being located deep in the space.
As a result, the ancients considered the Sun to be their God- they were worshipping to.
Therefore, the sun has been always symbolized by the swastika for what it stands for.
People of the past, including the mighty Armenids of the Armenian Highland and Mesopotamia has been referred to as: “the children of the light”. This concept is found within the essence of the word “Ar-men”, where “Ar” stood for the Armenian sun-god known as Ar (or Ra-Amon by Egyptians) and “men” theoretically would stand for the people or worshippers of the sun-god, thus we get
“Ar-men” and “Ar-men-ia”, where the ending of the word Armenia, the ‘ia’ will theoretically stand for the location, thus we get Armenia, meaning “the land of the sun-worshippers” or “the land of the children of light”.
In general, after careful examination of the Armenian alphabet, one would find that half a dozen of its letters are nothing more than modified versions of the famous
swastika symbol. Armenian letters prounounced as -Ke-; -Kea-; -Xe-; -Pea-; -Fe-; and -Ea- have their origins in the ancient proto-Armenian petroglyphical
writings found through out the Armenian Highland.
The Armenian Wheel Of Eternity shares its origin with swastika symbol, solar symbols.
Some of the earliest Solar Discs found in Armenia +(-)10000 BC were in Geghama Mountains, Ughtasar, Urtsadzor, Aragats Mountains, Shengovit and on many monasteries and buildings (see pictures with discriptions).
As one can notice on the pictures above some of symbols of Wheel of Eternity were engraved in 6 pointed star.
Most people today associate the six pointed star (hexagram) with the Jewish Star of David (Magen David), as it is the modern symbol of Jewish identity and Judaism but its usage as a symbol of the Jewish community dates to the 17th century unlike
Armenian 6 pointed stars were engraved long before and its usage in Armenian science, art, architecture, decorations and even for religious purposes has been extensive throughout the history.
Armenians were skilled mathematicians, architects and craftsmen. In ancient times Armenians had a refined knowledge of astronomy and were able to predict astral events. observatory at Metsamor allowed Ancestral Armenians to develop geometry to such a level they could measure distances, latitudes and longitudes, envision the world as round, and were predicting solar and lunar eclipses about 1000 years before the Egyptians began doing the same.
Armenian architecture is often geometrically sound with straight lines connecting columns and mathematical precision. The geometry of the Armenian architecture has stood the test of time by preserving many ancient buildings in a region dominated by war, poverty and natural disasters.
The fortress cities and temples that have been excavated in Armenia (some going back as far as 7000 years) show a remarkable
awareness of using geometry in constructing sacred buildings, using a complex system of squares, rectangles, circles, polygons with intersecting patterns.
Among many symbols Armenians used the six pointed star for architectural purposes.
Early Armenians believed the symbol had magical powers and incorporated it in architecture, astronomy and sacred art. Attesting to that there are numerous Armenian churches constructed in the shape of a six pointed star, they also use hexagrams to support the dome or simply as sacred decoration protecting the Church like magic charms.
The oldest known depiction of a six pointed star (dating back to the 3rd millennium BC.) was excavated in the Ashtarak burial mound in “Nerkin Naver” (in Armenia). This was confirmed by a series of radiocarbon analysis of artifacts, conducted in laboratories in Germany and in the USA. The handle of a dagger depicts the worlds earliest decoration of a six-pointed star buried in a burial mound containing over 500 graves.
Geometry in particular has a long history in Armenian arts, religion and sciences so not only the usage of hexagrams but also many other geometrical shapes and symbols exist throughout the course of Armenian history.
Helen Greaves – The Wheel of Eternity